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2011年12月27日 (火)

Kanji of the year 2011 - Bonds (絆)

Kanji of the year「今年の漢字」
 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kanji of the year (Kotoshi no Kanji) is a kanji chosen by the Japanese Kanji Proficiency Society (日本漢字能力検定協会) through a national ballot in Japan. It began in 1995. The character with the most votes is selected to represent the events of that year, and is announced in a ceremony on December 12 (Kanji Day) at Kiyomizu Temple in Kyoto.

Moji_4 (財)日本漢字能力検定協会が、その年をイメージする漢字一字の公募を日本全国より行い、その中で最も応募数の多かった一字を、その年の世相を表す漢字として、原則として12月12日の「漢字の日」に京都市東山区の清水寺で発表することになっている。選ばれた漢字を「今年の漢字」と呼ぶ。

今年の漢字」-「絆(ハン・バン/きずな・ほだす)」が表す2011年とは・・・
日本国内では、東日本大震災や台風による大雨被害、海外では、ニュージーランド地震、タイ洪水などが発生。大規模な災害の経験から家族や仲間など身近でかけがえのない人との「絆」をあらためて知る。
人と人との小さなつながりは、地域や社会などのコミュニティだけでなく、国境を越えた地球規模の人間同士の「絆」へ。SNSをはじめとするソーシャルメディアを通じて新たな人との「絆」が生まれ、旧知の人との「絆」が深まった。
また、国際社会ではいくつもの民主化運動が起こった。
一方、ワールドカップで優勝した、なでしこジャパンのチームの「絆」には日本中が感動し勇気づけられた。

Kanji of 2011 year
kizuna(Bonds)
Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami; people across Japan rediscover the importance of their bonds with family and friends. Japan's women's national football team Nadeshiko Japan wins the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, a result of confidence and teamwork among its members.


Http__mdn_mainichi_jp_photojourna_3 The Top 10 Kanji of 2011 year
1 「絆 ban」(バン/きずな) (Bonds)
2 「災 sai」(サイ/わざわい) (Disaster)
3 「震 shin」(シン/ふるえる) (Quake)
4 「波 nami」(ハ/なみ) (Wave)
5位 「助 tasukeru」(ジョ/たすける) (Help)
6 「復 fuku」(フク) (Revival)
7 「協 kyou」(キョウ) (Cooperate)
8 「支 sasaeru」(シ/ささえる) (Support)
9 「命 inochi」(メイ/いのち) (Life)
10 「力 chikara」(リキ/ちから) (Strength)

Kanji of the year
1995 ― 「震 shin(Quake)
The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. Growing feelings of unease caused by the sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.
1996 ― 「食 shoku(Food, eat)
Multiple outbreaks of food poisoning due to E. coli O157 occur, affecting school lunch programs.
1997 ― 「倒(Collapse, Knock Down)
A wave of corporate bankruptcies and bank failures. The Japanese team beats regional powerhouses in the Asia qualifying tournament to win a berth in the 1998 FIFA World Cup.
1998 ― 「毒 doku(Poison)
Sixty-seven people are sickened and 4 die after eating poisoned curry. Masumi Hayashi is arrested and similar incidents follow. Concern about dioxin.
1999 ― 「末 sue(End)
The final year of the century. The Tokaimura nuclear accident.
2000 ― 「金 kin(Gold)
Judo athlete Ryoko Tamura (now Ryoko Tani) and marathon-runner Naoko Takahashi win gold at the Sydney Olympics. Kim Dae Jung ( 大中) and Kim Jong-il ( 正日) hold the first North-South Korean presidential summit. Deaths of centenarian twin sisters Kin-san and Gin-san (whose names sound like Gold and Silver).
2001 ― 「戦 sen(War)
9/11 terror attacks. The U.S. war in Afghanistan. Global recession.
2002 ― 「帰 ki(Return)
Japan and North Korea begin talks. Five Japanese citizens kidnapped by North Korea return to Japan.
2003 ― 「虎 tora(Tiger)
The Hanshin Tigers win the Central League pennant for the first time in 18 years.
2004 ― 「災 sai(Disaster)
The Chūetsu earthquake. Typhoon Tokage lands, causing tremendous damage. Accident at the Mihama nuclear power plant. Mitsubishi Motors scandal involving the cover-up of known defects.
2005 ― 「愛 ai(Love)
Expo 2005 is held in Aichi (愛知). Princess Nori marries Yoshiki Kuroda. Table tennis athlete Ai Fukuhara (福原 , Fukuhara Ai) plays in China.
2006 ― 「命 inochi(Life)
Prince Hisahito of Akishino is born. Feelings of uncertainty about life arising from hit and run accidents due to driving under the influence, suicide due to bullying, the suicide of a member of the Imperial Guard, and other causes. Living things that are born, life that is cut short or taken.
2007 ― 「偽 nise(Deception)
A series of food production/mislabeling scandals in which products that had expired were relabeled and sold. Problems over political funds and faulty pension records. Intellectual Property Infringement Controversy of Shijingshan Amusement Park, Beijing, China.
2008 ― 「変 hen(Change)
Changing of the Japanese prime minister, Barack Obama winning the American presidential elections using the word (change), economical and ecological changes around the world.
2009 ― 「新 shin(New)
The Democratic Party of Japan swept to power in August 2009 lower house elections to form a new government for the first time as the nation’s voters turned their backs on half a century of LDP single-party government. Swine flu, known as Shin-gata influenza (新型インフルエンザ), breaks out around the world. Ichiro Suzuki sets a new MLB record with nine consecutive seasons with 200 hits.
2010 ― 「暑 sho(Hot)
The high temperatures that affected people's health and lives, as well as the natural environment in Japan.The Chilean mine collapse in which all the miners were rescued after having been trapped about 700 meters underground in a hot, humid mine.
2011 ― 「絆 kizuna(Bonds)
Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami; people across Japan rediscover the importance of their bonds with family and friends. Japan's women's national football team Nadeshiko Japan wins the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, a result of confidence and teamwork among its members.

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