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2012年12月31日 (月)

Kanji of the year 2012 - Gold (金)

「今年の漢字」Kanji of the year
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Kanji of the year (Kotoshi no Kanji) is a kanji chosen by the Japanese Kanji Proficiency Society (日本漢字能力検定協会 Nihon Kanji Nōryoku kentei kyōkai) through a national ballot in Japan. It began in 1995. The character with the most votes is selected to represent the events of that year, and is announced in a ceremony on December 12 (Kanji Day) at Kiyomizu Temple.

Wlf12121218320015p4_2Kin_3今年の漢字は「金」 京都・清水寺で発表
五輪、金環食、ノーベル賞
が理由 「金」は初の再選
日本漢字能力検定協会2012.12.12 18:30

 平成24
年の世相を漢字一字で表す「今年の漢字」に12日、決まった「金」の一字。「金」は12(2000)年に続き2度目で、過去の一字が再び選ばれたのは、18年目を迎えた今年の漢字で初めて。
 日本漢字能力検定協会(京都市)が毎年公募。ロンドン五輪の金メダルや山中伸弥さんのノーベル賞受賞などの金字塔が打ち立てられ、日本列島で金環日食が観測されたことなどが理由とされた。
 
和紙に大筆で豪快に揮毫(きごう)した清水寺(同市東山区)の森清範貫主は「昨年の『絆』に光を当て、希望を持って頑張ろうとする日本人の気概を感じた」と話した。

 
今年の漢字「金」は、過去18年間で1位となった一字としては最も得票率が低かった。同じく「金」が選ばれた平成12(2000)年と比べても決め手に欠けた印象で、漢検協会は「世相を一字で表しにくい混沌(こんとん)とした1年だったのではないか」と分析している。応募総数258912票中、1位「金」は9156票で、得票率3.54%は過去最低。2位「輪」(7867票、3.04%)と接戦を演じ、昨年の「絆」(12.36%)に比べると支持は集まらなかった。
 
同じく「金」が選ばれた12年もシドニー五輪が開催されたが、得票率は5.86%。韓国の金大中、北朝鮮の金正日の両首脳が会談する歴史的なニュースがあったほか、相次ぐ企業破綻など暗い経済情勢も理由に挙げられていたという。
 
12年に2位だった「乱」は、今年も5位入り。12年の主な理由は政治、倫理、気象の乱れだったが、今年も「爆弾低気圧にみられる天候の乱れと乱立する政党」(37歳男性)、「国家行政の乱れと、心が乱れる事件の多さ」(34歳女性)などの意見があった。

Kanji of the year 2012
London_medals_2「金 kin(Gold)
Several medals are won at the 2012 London Olympics, Shinya Yamanaka wins a Nobel Prize, and a solar eclipse is observed for the first time in Japan in 932 years, amid concerns such as consumption tax and welfare (""is also the first kanji to be selected more than once).


Kanji of the past years
1995 ― 「震 shin(Quake)
The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (阪神淡路大震災). Growing feelings of unease caused by the sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.
1996 ― 「食 shoku(Food, eat)
Multiple outbreaks of food poisoning due to E. coli O157 occur, affecting school lunch programs.
Yamanaka_nobel_prize_21997 ― 「倒(Collapse, Knock Down)
A wave of corporate bankruptcies and bank failures. The Japanese team beats regional powerhouses in the Asia qualifying tournament to win a berth in the 1998 FIFA World Cup.
1998 ― 「毒 doku(Poison)
Sixty-seven people are sickened and 4 die after eating poisoned curry. Masumi Hayashi (林真須美) is arrested and similar incidents follow. Concern about dioxin.
1999 ― 「末 sue(End)
The final year of the century. The Tokaimura nuclear (東海村原発) accident.
2000 ― 「金 kin(Gold)
Judo athlete Ryoko Tamura (田村亮子,now Ryoko Tani) and marathon-runner Naoko Takahashi (高橋直子) win gold at the Sydney Olympics. Kim Dae Jung (大中) and Kim Jong-il (正日) hold the first North-South Korean presidential summit. Deaths of centenarian twin sisters Kin-san and Gin-san (きんさん,ぎんさん whose names sound like Gold and Silver).
2001 ― 「戦 sen(War)
9/11 terror attacks. The U.S. war in Afghanistan. Global recession.
2002 ― 「帰 ki(Return)
Japan and North Korea begin talks. Five Japanese citizens kidnapped by North Korea return to Japan.
2003 ― 「虎 tora(Tiger)
The Hanshin Tigers (阪神タイガース) win the Central League pennant for the first time in 18 years.
20120521_eclipse2004 ― 「災 sai(Disaster)
The Chūetsu earthquake (中越地震). Typhoon Tokage lands, causing tremendous damage. Accident at the Mihama nuclear power plant (美浜原発). Mitsubishi Motors (三菱自動車) scandal involving the cover-up of known defects.
2005 ― 「愛 ai(Love)
Expo 2005 is held in Aichi (愛知). Princess Nori (紀宮内親王) marries Yoshiki Kuroda. Table tennis athlete Ai Fukuhara (福原 , Fukuhara Ai) plays in China.
2006 ― 「命 inochi(Life)
Prince Hisahito of Akishino (秋篠宮悠仁親王) is born. Feelings of uncertainty about life arising from hit and run accidents due to driving under the influence, suicide due to bullying, the suicide of a member of the Imperial Guard, and other causes. Living things that are born, life that is cut short or taken.
Taxmonster1_22007 ― 「偽 nise(Deception)
A series of food production/mislabeling scandals in which products that had expired were relabeled and sold. Problems over political funds and faulty pension records. Intellectual Property Infringement Controversy of Shijingshan Amusement Park, Beijing, China (石景山遊楽園,北京).
2008 ― 「変 hen(Change)
Changing of the Japanese prime minister, Barack Obama winning the American presidential elections using the word (change), economical and ecological changes around the world.
2009 ― 「新 shin(New)
The Democratic Party of Japan swept to power in August 2009 lower house elections to form a new government for the first time as the nation’s voters turned their backs on half a century of LDP single-party government. Swine flu, known as Shin-gata influenza (新型インフルエンザ), breaks out around the world. Ichiro Suzuki (イチロウ)sets a new MLB record with nine consecutive seasons with 200 hits.
2010 ― 「暑 sho(Hot)
The high temperatures that affected people's health and lives, as well as the natural environment in Japan. The Chilean mine collapse in which all the miners were rescued after having been trapped about 700 meters underground in a hot, humid mine.
2011 ― 「絆 kizuna(Bonds)
Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami (東北地震津波); people across Japan rediscover the importance of their bonds with family and friends. Japan's women's national football team Nadeshiko Japan (なでしこジャパン) wins the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, a result of confidence and teamwork among its members.
2012 ― 「金 kin(Gold)
Several medals are won at the 2012 London Olympics, Shinya Yamanaka(山中 伸弥) wins a Nobel Prize, and a solar eclipse is observed for the first time in Japan in 932 years, amid concerns such as consumption tax and welfare ("" is also the first kanji to be selected more than once).

関連記事:
2011-12-27Kanji of the year 2011 - Bonds (絆)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2011/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html

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