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2019年12月23日 (月)

Kanji of the year 2019 - Order (English)

125www_asahi_com_ajw_articles_aj20191212 Asahi-digital_20191224010601 Kanji of the year is ‘rei’ as it reflects the new imperial era
THE ASAHI SHIMBUN
December 12, 2019 at 18:05 JST

 KYOTO--The Japanese public has given its verdict for the kanji character that best sums up events of 2019, and it is “rei,” the first character in the name of the new imperial era, Reiwa.
 The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation announced Dec. 12 that rei was the top votegetter among 216,325 suggestions received nationwide with 30,427 votes.
 Seihan Mori, chief priest of the famed Kiyomizudera temple here, ceremoniously drew the character on a sheet of traditional “washi” paper measuring  1.5 meters by 1.3 meters with a calligraphy brush to announce the outcome in an annual year-end ritual held at the temple in the city’s Higashiyama Ward.
 The overall verdict was that the character best reflects the year that marked the start of the Reiwa imperial era with Emperor Naruhito’s enthronement on May 1.
Kanji_jitenon_jp_kanji_2019122  The characters for the new era name were taken from "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), Japan’s oldest known poetry anthology that dates from the Nara Period (710-794). It was the first new era name that has its source in a Japanese classic.
 Many voters said the name Reiwa provided an opportunity to rediscover Japanese traditional culture.
 The character “rei” is also used in terms such as “law amendment,” “legal compliance,” “issuance of an alert” and “evacuation order.” Citing these definitions, many voters said the character reflects key events of 2019, such as the increase in the consumption tax rate from 8 percent to 10 percent, scandals in the entertainment industry and natural disasters.
 The practice of choosing a kanji of the year started in 1995. This year’s kanji is the 25th character to receive the designation.
 The runner-up kanji was “shin” (new), which received 14,850 entries, followed by “wa” (harmony), the other character of the new era name, with 10,281 entries.
 The characters “hen” (change) and “wazawai” (disaster) followed with 7,749 entries and 7,302 entries, respectively.
 Last year, the kanji “wazawai” was selected, which means disaster, reflecting deadly natural disasters and the seemingly daily fare of political scandal and power harassment.
(This article was written by Jiro Omura and Masayuki Takashima.)

+Asahi Digital English version:ダウンロード - 125www_asahi_com_ajw_articles_aj20191212.jpg ダウンロード - 125www.asahi.com_ajw_articles_aj20191212.pdf


100en_wikipedia_org_wiki_kanji_of_the_ye En_wikipedia_org_20191224010401 Kanji of the year
 「今年の漢字」

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
14 December 2019

The Kanji of the year (Kotoshi no Kanji) is a Japanese character chosen by the Japanese Kanji Proficiency Society(日本漢字能力検定協会: Nihon Kanji Noryoku Kentei Kyokai) through a national ballot in Japan, starting in 1995. The character with the most votes, selected to represent the events of that year, is announced in a ceremony on December 12 (Kanji Day) at Kiyomizu Temple, Kyoto (清水寺).

Kanji of the year 2019
2019 ー 「令 Rei」(order)

Japanese era name was changed into Reiwa(令和Reiwa, lit. "good harmony"). As safety measures against the storm and downpour(嵐・豪雨)caused by Typhoon Faxai and Typhoon Hagibis(台風15号・19号) in Kantō region(関東地域), the government issued ("issuing order" is "hatsurei (発令)" in Japanese) evacuation orders(避難命令).


Kanji of the past years
2018 ー 「災 Sai」(disaster)

The 2018 Osaka earthquake(大阪府北部地震)along with the heavy floods in southwestern Japan(西日本豪雨). This Kanji was also selected in 2004 as Kanji of the Year(「災」は2004年以来、14年ぶり2度目の選出)
2017 ー 「北 kita」(North)
North Korea's missile tests and nuclear test(北朝鮮ミサイル実験・核実験), the heavy rain in northern Kyushu(九州北部豪雨), and the poor harvest of potatoes in Hokkaido(北海道ジャガイモ不作)
2016 ― 「金 kin」(Gold) 
High number of gold medals won at the 2016 Rio Olympics(金メダル), the shift to minus interest (“interest rate” is “kinri” in Japanese)(マイナス金利), Trump’s U.S. presidential election victory (“blonde hair” is “kinpatsu”)(トランプ大統領), and Piko Taro, singer of ‘PPAP’, who’s known for wearing a gold-colored animal print outfit (ピコ太郎)
2015 ― 「安 an」(Safety)
Safety issues concerning explosion in Yasukuni Shrine(靖国神社爆発), terrorist attack on Paris(パリテロリスト事件) 
2014 ― 「税 zei」(Tax) 
The social discussion and the additional expense tax(消費税増税) in Japan
2013 ― 「輪 rin」(Wheel)
The success bidding for hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.
2012 ― 「金 kin」(Gold) 
Several medals are won at the 2012 London Olympics, Shinya Yamanaka(山中伸弥教授) wins a Nobel Prize, and a solar eclipse(金環食)is observed for the first time in Japan in 932 years, amid concerns such as consumption tax and welfare ("金")is also the first kanji to be selected more than once.
2011 ― 「絆 kizuna」(Bonds) 
Tohoku earthquake and tsunami(東北地震津波); people across Japan rediscover the importance of their bonds with family and friends. Japan's women's national football team Nadeshiko Japan(なでしこジャパン)wins the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, a result of confidence and teamwork among its members.
2010 ― 「暑 sho」(Hot)
The high temperatures that affected people's health and lives, as well as the natural environment in Japan. The Chilean mine collapse in which all the miners were rescued after having been trapped about 700 meters underground in a hot, humid mine (チリ鉱山崩壊).
2009 ― 「新 shin」(New) 
The Democratic Party of Japan swept to power in August 2009 lower house elections to form a new government for the first time as the nation’s voters turned their backs on half a century of LDP single-party government(民主党政権). Swine flu, known as Shin-gata influenza(新型インフルエンザ), breaks out around the world. Ichiro Suzuki(イチロウ) sets a new MLB record with nine consecutive seasons with 200 hits.
2008 ― 「変 hen」(Change) 
Changing of the Japanese prime minister, Barack Obama winning the American presidential elections using the word (change), economical and ecological changes around the world.
2007 ― 「偽 nise」(Deception) 
A series of food production/mislabeling scandals in which products that had expired were relabeled and sold(食品偽装). Problems over political funds and faulty pension records(年金記録喪失). Intellectual Property Infringement Controversy of Shijingshan Amusement Park, Beijing, China(石景山遊楽園,北京).
2006 ― 「命 inochi」(Life) 
Prince Hisahito of Akishino(秋篠宮悠仁親王) is born. Feelings of uncertainty about life arising from hit and run accidents due to driving under the influence, suicide due to bullying, the suicide of a member of the Imperial Guard, and other causes. Living things that are born, life that is cut short or taken.
2005 ― 「愛 ai」(Love) 
Expo 2005 is held in Aichi(愛知エクスポ). Princess Nori(紀宮内親王) marries Yoshiki Kuroda. Table tennis athlete Ai Fukuhara(福原 愛) plays in China.
2004 ― 「災 sai」(Disaster) 
The Chuetsu earthquake(中越地震). Typhoon Tokage lands, causing tremendous damage. Accident at the Mihama nuclear power plant(美浜原発). Mitsubishi Motors(三菱自動車) scandal involving the cover-up of known defects.
2003 ― 「虎 tora」(Tiger) 
The Hanshin Tigers(阪神タイガース) win the Central League pennant for the first time in 18 years.
2002 ― 「帰 ki」(Return) 
Japan and North Korea begin talks. Five Japanese citizens kidnapped by North Korea return to Japan(北朝鮮拉致帰国).
2001 ― 「戦 sen」(War)
9/11 terror attacks. The U.S. war in Afghanistan. Global recession.
2000 ― 「金 kin」(Gold) 
Judo athlete Ryoko Tamura(田村亮子), now Ryoko Tani and marathon-runner Naoko Takahashi (高橋尚子) win gold at the Sydney Olympics. Kim Dae Jung(金大中) and Kim Jong-Il(金正日) hold the first North-South Korean presidential summit. Deaths of centenarian twin sisters Kin-san and Gin-san(きんさん,ぎんさん) whose names sound like Gold and Silver.
1999 ― 「末 sue」(End) 
The final year of the century(世紀末). The Tokaimura nuclear(東海村原発) accident.
1998 ― 「毒 doku」(Poison) 
Sixty-seven people are sickened and 4 die after eating poisoned curry. Masumi Hayashi(林真須美) is arrested and similar incidents follow. Concern about dioxin.
1997 ― 「倒 to」(Collapse, Knock Down)
A wave of corporate bankruptcies and bank failures(山一證券廃業,拓銀経営破綻). The Japanese team beats regional powerhouses in the Asia qualifying tournament to win a berth in the 1998 FIFA World Cup.
1996 ― 「食 shoku」(Food, eat) 
Multiple outbreaks of food poisoning due to E. coli O157 occur, affecting school lunch programs.
1995 ― 「震 shin」(Quake) 
The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake(阪神淡路大震災). Growing feelings of unease caused by the sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway(地下鉄サリン事件).

+WikipediA English version:ダウンロード - 75en_wikipedia_org_wiki_kanji_of_the_year_20191223.jpg  ダウンロード - 75en_wikipedia_org_wiki_kanji_of_the_year_20191223.pdf

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関連記事
2018-12-18「Kanji of the year 2018 - Disaster (English)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2018/12/kanji-of-the--1.html
2018-12-17「Kanji of the year 2018 - Disaster (災)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2018/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html
2017-12-24「Kanji of the year 2017 - North (English)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2017/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html

2017-12-23「Kanji of the year 2017 - North (北)」 http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2017/12/kanji-of-the--2.html 
2016-12-20「Kanji of the year 2016 - Gold (金)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2016/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html
2015-12-18「Kanji of the year 2015 - Safety (安)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2015/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html
2014-12-28「Kanji of the year 2014 - Tax (税)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2014/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html
2013-12-28「Kanji of the year 2013 - Wheel (輪)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2013/12/wheel---kanji-o.html
2012-12-31「Kanji of the year 2012 - Gold (金)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2012/12/gold---kanji-of.html
2011-12-27「Kanji of the year 2011 - Bonds (絆)」http://ventoorientale.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2011/12/kanji-of-the-ye.html

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